百合道地药材的历史沿革与品质评价研究
投稿时间:2020-03-01  修订日期:2020-03-31   点此下载全文
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作者中文名作者英文名单位中文名单位英文名E-Mail
刘浩 LIU Hao 湖南省中医药研究院 Hunan Academy of Chinese Medicine zrziqing@126.com 
钟灿 ZHONG Can 湖南省中医药研究院 Hunan Academy of Chinese Medicine 363723962@qq.com 
金剑 JIN Jian 湖南省中医药研究院 Hunan Academy of Chinese Medicine jinjian2016@163.com 
谢景 XIEJin 湖南省中医药研究院 Hunan Academy of Chinese Medicine axxj2057@163.com 
张水寒* ZHANG Shuihan 湖南省中医药研究院 Hunan Academy of Chinese Medicine zhangshuihan0220@126.com 
基金项目:2017年中医药公共卫生服务补助专项“全国中药资源普查项目”(财社〔2017〕66号);中央本级重大增减支项目“名贵中药资源可持续利用能力建设项目”(2060302)
中文摘要:本文通过考察百合历代本草文献、物候、形态、分布、栽培与市场流通情况,分析了百合的品种沿革、产地沿革以及传统质量评价方法;认为本草中优质的“白花百合”为野百合Lilium brownii及百合L. brownii var. viridulum,并进一步梳理了近代百合的基原植物学名变化过程,考证了产于湖南邵阳“形长味甘”的道地药材龙牙百合形成过程。推断清代开始出现栽培百合,卷丹因其广泛的适种性,渐成为百合商品的主流品种;本草记载中百合的性味功效变化,本质是药材百合的基原变化在临床上的总结。
中文关键词:百合  历史沿革  品质评价  本草考证  性味功效
 
The research of Historical evolution and quality evaluation of Dao-di herbs of Lilii Bulbus
Abstract:In this paper, we investigated the variety evolution,origin change, traditional quality evaluation and Latin scientific name of the original plant of Dao-di herbs, Lilii Bulbus,via analyzing its literature, habitat, morphology, distribution, cultivation and market circulation, etc. In most Chinese materia medica records, the high-quality "white flower lily", the best species of Lilii Bulbus for medication with its shape and sweet flavor, derived from L.brownii and the botanical variety L. brownii var. viridulum. Longya Lilium from Shaoyang County, Hunan Province has gradually become the most famous Dao-di herbs of Lilii Bulbus. Lilii Bulbus have been cultivated since the Qing Dynasty, and L. lancifolium has tardily become the mainstream commodities because of its widespread suitability. The changes of the property and efficacy of Lilii Bulbus in herbal records matched well with that of its original plant combined with the clinical summary.
keywords:Lilii Bulbus  Historical evolution  quality evaluation  herbal textual research  property and efficacy
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